Why brands keep making massive race relations mistakes
by Ian Fuhr. Brands need to focus on what they can do to make a real change to systemic racism.Monday, 14 Sep 2020
by Ian Fuhr. Do you remember the story of Justine Sacco, a senior director of corporate communications at IAC, who was fired after making a racist tweet on her way to South Africa? She tweeted, switched off her phone for the long flight from London to Joburg, and while she was in the air, social media blew up. By the time she landed, IAC had fired her and her career was over. That was 2013, and despite numerous incidents exactly like Sacco’s, corporates around the world continue to deal with racist incidents as consumers demand for them to do better.
We’ve seen our fair share of outrage in South Africa as well, with prominent brands facing race relations boycotts because of ill-advised marketing campaigns that are perceived as racist. Why does this keep happening and what can companies do about it?
Let’s start addressing the real problems
Firstly, I believe it’s incredibly important to stop ignoring the elephant in the room. It’s easy for a business to fire a wayward employee who has made racist remarks on social media and distance themselves from the problem and the sentiment. These brands are essentially saying, ‘it’s not us, it’s them. Their values do not represent our values’. The problem with this tactic is that it’s not true – and it doesn’t solve a much bigger issue that businesses are facing. If our society was only dealing with a few errant racist employees, we wouldn’t keep seeing advertising campaigns that trigger such outcries and charges of racism.
The reality that we need to start addressing as business leaders is that racial polarisation lies at the heart of most of the problems experienced by South African businesses. It’s the underlying reason for problematic corporate cultures, poor productivity, and below-par customer service – and it’s the reason that advertising campaigns can pass through multiple teams, channels and approval processes without anyone registering that they are approving racist content. If we don’t start addressing racism in the workplace, these incidents will continue to happen, and our entire nation will become more divided as a result.
Overcoming unconscious biases, together
‘Systemic racism’, or ‘institutional racism’, refers to how ideas of white superiority are captured in everyday thinking at a systems level. These ideas tend to stem from unconscious biases that are never questioned and are instead bolstered by how society operates. Over the past few years, we’ve seen brands advertise products in thoughtless, racist ways. Is this because the brand is racist, or the teams working on the campaigns are racist, or does it go much deeper than that?
If a racist advert can be created and approved, what is happening inside the organisation on a day-to-day basis? And will firing the individuals involved change anything? Of course not. The hallmark of systemic racism is that it is broad and deeply entrenched. These incidents are never the work of a few individuals who want to make a racist statement. No one wakes up and thinks, ‘how can I show the world how racist I am today, or how racist we are as a brand’. These are errors – and that’s really where the problem lies. We are unthinkingly biased towards each other and its tearing the fabric of our society apart.
So, what’s the solution?
- Step one is that we have to stop hiding from it. Simply apologising and even firing people does not solve the problem – if it did, this wouldn’t keep happening. Instead, brands need to focus on what they can do to make a real change to the systemic racism problems we are facing as a nation. Many companies have diversity and inclusion strategies and programmes. These are always useful, but I fear they do not dive deep enough into the underlying causes of racism. People will only change their racial paradigms from a position of discomfort, and this happens when these paradigms have been openly and honestly challenged. We therefore need to have the tough conversations and address our unconscious biases in an empathetic and transparent way.
- Next, get everyone involved, from top leadership through to everyone in the organisation. Ending racial polarisation in the workplace must be done together. This is not about empty platitudes on the wall, it’s about really understanding each other. We don’t need to have the same culture – we just need to learn to accept and respect each other.
- As a business, you can choose to ignore race relations within your organisation, or you can address them. If your entire team takes this courageous step together though, you will not only build a business on the foundations of respect and empathy; but you will boost productivity and customer service and build a truly diverse company that can rise to the occasion of meeting South Africa’s needs and challenges. An added bonus is that racist messages will stop making their way into our communities, entrenching unconscious biases even further. Maybe eventually, our nation will even be able to heal itself.
Ian Fuhr, the former founder and owner of the Sorbet retail brand in South Africa; launched The Hatch Institute this year as a personal and business coaching company that strives to build leaders who can drive real growth within their organisations. The Hatch philosophy is that business leaders who focus on their people and who are purpose-led can change South Africa for the better. This requires systemic change, inclusion, and a deep understanding of the underlying causes of racial polarisation; in order to rebuild a country that delivers opportunities to all levels of society, something that can be achieved through ‘Cultureneering’ and a new breed of culture-driven leaders.
– Receive the Retailing Africa newsletter every Monday and Thursday • Subscribe here